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Grow At Home

Log and Stump Cultivation

One of the easiest and most rewarding ways to grow mushrooms is to start a log garden. Many species of delicious mushrooms use wood as their food source. All you need to start is a drill, a drill bit, hammer, and a little bit of melted wax.

First, the wood has to be freshly cut (usually within 6 weeks is okay) oak, maple, sweet gum, poplar, or other deciduous softwoods. Pines, cedars, firs, and other conifers will not work with the exception of Cauliflower, Phoenix Oyster and some strains of Chicken of the Woods.

Second, you need to order plug spawn of the species that is best for your wood type. Our spawn page lists the best wood to use and special techniques for every strain.

Logs and stumps can be drilled, the holes filled with wooden plugs that are colonized with the fungus of your choice. After the plugs are in, you can wax the surface to seal them in and protect them from drying out. Once plugged, all you have to do is wait! When the mushroom’s root system has threaded itself throughout the log or stump, it will want to start fruiting. Fruiting can be seasonal, depending on temperature, and last several years. All Mushroom Mountain spawn comes with instructions. Good Luck!


Wood Chip Beds

Recycling wood chips by mushroom cultivation is one of the best things you can do for your garden. Wood requires a great deal of nitrogen to break down, which deprives plants from essential supplements. Adding mushroom spawn to your mulch and wood chips can greatly improve your garden’s yields! Mushroom Mountain has several species to choose from to get you started.

First, try calling around to locate some fresh chips. Local tree and utility companies are constantly trying to get rid of their daily trimmings to free up space on their shredders. By befriending local industries who toss perfectly recyclable material, you can create some great allies and do your immediate environment some good.

Wood chips mixed with sawdust spawn can be placed in filtered light to shady areas throughout the environment. It takes some time for the mushrooms to make a home there, but keep checking the area when the season is right for fruiting.


Cereal Straws

Cereal straws are excellent for fruiting several types of oyster mushrooms. The straw is first chopped, then soaked in hot water to pasteurize it. Once drained, it can be mixed with mushroom spawn and placed into any type of fruiting container. Mushrooms need to breathe, so be sure not to suffocate the straw and spawn mixture. Straw-grown mushrooms can fruit rather quickly, usually in a few weeks, so keep your eye on them!

Pleurotus spp (Oyster Mushrooms)
White, Pink, Golden, King, Warm Blue, Phoenix, Elm
Known for their meaty texture and exceptional nutritional value, oyster mushrooms are excellent yielding mushrooms that have found a strong market in local produce.  They are relatively inexpensive to cultivate on a large scale and rapid producers.  Since they are delicate and do not ship well, you can compete with the national farm chains. We recommend starting with these species before venturing into others that require a proprietary sawdust blend.


Optimal Fruiting Temperatures for Oyster Mushrooms:

White Pink Golden Warm Blue Cold Blue Phoenix Elm
55-70F 75-90F 65-80F 65-80F 40-75F 75-90F 55-70F

Commercial Cultivation

Mushroom Mountain’s commercial farming consultation services are available for those wishing to supply a local market with fresh mushrooms year-round.  Low tech and high tech options are available to make it an affordable way to get started almost immediately.  Training is provided both on-site and at our facility.  Building design, production methods, harvesting schedules, and packaging are all included with our commercial services.  Bulk spawn discounts are available for our commercial accounts and can be shipped weekly to ensure the best quality available. 

If you are interested in growing, email Olga at sporeprints@gmail.com. Prices start at $150/hr. 

Pleurotus spp (Oyster Mushrooms)
White, Pink, Golden, King
Known for their meaty texture and exceptional nutritional value, oyster mushrooms are excellent yielding mushrooms that have found a strong market in local produce. They are relatively inexpensive to cultivate on a large scale and rapid producers. Since they are delicate and do not ship well, you can compete with the national farm chains. We recommend starting with these species before venturing into others that require a proprietary sawdust blend.

Lentinula edodes (Shiitake Mushrooms)
Grown for centuries on logs, Shiitake mushrooms can be grown very efficiently on a blend of sterilized sawdust and other natural supplements.  Why wait 6 -8 months when you can flush pounds of Shiitakes every 21 days after waiting a mere 10 weeks? Startup costs for sawdust cultivation is higher than with oyster mushrooms, but the same system can be easily modified to grow many other gourmet mushrooms.

Hericium erinaceus (Lion’s Mane / Pom-Pom)
Chefs will love you for growing these beautiful, fluffy white mushrooms!  Pom-Pom’s flourish from sterilized sawdust bags just 4 weeks after bagging the spawned substrate. Sauteed with butter and onions and you have a delicious food that tastes like crab meat or lobster… You can expect two flushes per block in just under two months.


Grifola frondosa (Maitake / Hen of the Woods)
Another sawdust block producer, the Maitake is the king of the woods!  Wild specimens can reach 100 pounds or more, but block grown specimens are much more tender.  Two flushes per block can be achieved in under two months.



Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi / Ling-Chi)
This medicinal “Mushroom of Immortality” can be grown indoors on a blend of sawdust and other natural supplements.  Gas levels can be maintained to produce the “antlers” that are worth more per pound than the natural fruit body formations found in the wild.  Excellent for making extracts and tinctures.

 

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